New overview of modern slavery

Publicated on: March 7, 2022

Szandra Windt's new book Invisible people – the phenomenon of trafficking in human beings in Hungary was published by the National Institute of Criminology.

“Human trafficking is a typical consequence of social and economic problems and the resulting vulnerabilities. Action against it must therefore target its socio-economic root causes rather than the traditional criminal law »solutions«” – this is how the author sets off in the introduction. 

Szandra Windt presents and evaluates the legal environment of the fight against trafficking in human beings, outlines the sociological and criminological characteristics of the phenomenon as well as the main features of the most vulnerable social groups. Based on the extensive processing of police and prosecution files, we can read an analysis of the criminal proceedings related to sexual exploitation and forced labour, then the author describes other forms of exploitation (e.g. forced begging, forced criminality) that are even more shrouded in latency in Hungary. 

One of the newest and most original parts of the book is the evaluation of Prosecution Service’s attitude towards trafficking cases – a survey involving 189 prosecutors was conducted in this field. 

The publication is highly recommended both for those interested in the topic in general and for professionals involved in the practice of the fight against trafficking in human beings. 

[National Institute of Criminology, Budapest, 2021, p. 240, ISBN 978-963-7373-30-5]


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